On this day in 1970, Apollo 13 had there run in with fate and one of their oxygen tanks exploded causing them to abort their mission to the moon. You've seen the movie.
Also on this day in 1941 the Soviet Union and Japan signed a non-aggression pact. I was always wondering why the Soviets didn't attempt to help the Americans in the Pacific theater of WWII. This explains why. Unlike the pact signed between Germany and the Soviet Union, this 5 year pact was not broken in the first two years, this one lasted 4 years, right up to the dropping of the atomic bombs. The breaking of this pact was why Japan surrendered, not the bombs like everyone is lead to believe. Japan knew it was beat, but we know they didn't like to back down and were willing to fight to the death. However, they didn't want to be occupied by a communist state. They loved their emperor, and he'd of been forced to step down if the Soviets helped to occupy Japan. Because they were solely occupied by the United States, they were able to rebuild their economy and fall in love with baseball.