On this day in 1965 President Lyndon Johnson signed the Medicare bill into law. It gave persons over the age of 65 medical insurance, allowing US citizens to live longer, healthier lives. The first recipient of Medicare was former president Harry Truman.
On this day in 1864 Union troops tried and failed to end the siege at Petersburg, Virginia by tunneling under the Confederate lines and detonating explosives. The explosives created a large crater that was soon filled with Union troops. The stunned Confederates soon recovered to discover the Union troops couldn't ascend their side of the crater. The Confederates were able to pick off Union troops one by one until a retreat was ordered.
On this day in 1999 the Blair Witch Project was released. The mockumentary film about 3 young film makers going out in the woods to search out the fabled ghost. After a bunch of shaky camera work, screaming, bloody teeth, and a guy in the corner, the film ends.
On this day in 1966 The Troggs reached number one on the singles chart with "Wild Thing". Famously covered throughout the years, most notably by Jimi Hendrix, the song came to symbolize the transition from poppy, prefabricated rock, to more progressive, deeper themed rock.