On this day in 1957 Sputnik becomes the first man made object to orbit the earth. The Soviets launched this satellite as a scientific instrument, but it was also as much a political tool. All over the world people would look to the sky to see Sputnik as it was visible to the naked eye. The space race was on! (spoiler alert: we won!)
On this day in 1970 singer Janis Joplin died of a heroin overdose. What made her famous wasn't what she sang, but the passion in which she sang it. She was as famous for her romantic flings as she was for her singing career. Leaving the likes of Dennis Hopper, Kris Kristofferson, Jerry Garcia, Warren Beatty, and Jimi Hendrix in her wake. A roadie was quoted as saying "She fucks like a truck, she practically busted my rib cage!" after a one night stand.
On this day in 1927 work began on Mt Rushmore. The project was the idea of some guy named Doane Robinson, who hired Danish sculpture Gutzon Borglum to create his vision. Each face took about two years to complete with a ceremony for each. The project cost about $1 million when it was completed in 1939. Borglum planned on adding to his sculpture but died suddenly in 1941.
On this day in 1966 Jimi Hendrix, Noel Redding, and Mitch Mitchell played together for the first time. They would go on to be named the Jimi Hendrix experience and record most of songs people associate with Jimi. Hendrix arrived in England the previous month and with the help of his manager formed the band. Redding was chosen because of his hairstyle as he was a guitarist and not a bass player, and Mitchell was a seasoned session drummer.