On this day in 1987 president Ronald Reagan gave a famous speech in Berlin asking Mikhail Gorbachev to "Tear down this wall.", referring to the Berlin Wall. This was part of the thawing of the Cold War and lead directly to the wall being taken down 2 years later.
On this day in 1963 civil rights leader Medgar Evers was killed in his driveway by Byron De La Beckwith. Had he survived the 1960's, Evers would have his name alongside Martin Luther King and Rev. Jesse James, but was killed before many of the results of the civil rights movement could be finished. De La Beckwith was tried 3 times for the murder of Evers and was only convicted 31 years after the murder when new evidence of corruption and conspiracy were found in his first two trials.